Emergency First Response courses keep pace with current research and treatment recommendations in emergency care. The most recent news indicates that no changes to CPR procedures are necessary in EFR courses.
After re-evaluation of science and research, the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) most recent Consensus on Science and Treatment Recommendations do not include any changes to bystander CPR.
ILCOR reaffirmed three areas of bystander treatment as published in the journal, Resuscitation 121 (2017) 201-214:
- We continue to recommend that bystanders perform chest compressions for all patients in cardiac arrest. We suggest that bystanders who are trained, able, and willing to give rescue breaths and chest compressions do so for all adult patients in cardiac arrest.
- We suggest a compression/ventilation (CV) ratio of 30:2 compared with any other CV ratio in patients with cardiac arrest.
- We suggest that bystanders provide CPR with ventilation for infants and children less than 18 years of age with cardiac arrest. We continue to recommend that if bystanders cannot provide rescue breaths as part of CPR for infants and children under 18 years of age with cardiac arrest, they should at least provide chest compressions.